From Pictoral Space To Theatrical Space: The Artists Who Created Stage Designs in The First Quarter of The 20th Century
Keywords:Stage Design, Scenography, 20th Century Art
The effect that the art the 20th century created brings a quest for a brand-new language in every field of the history of art and thought as well as performing arts. Until then, stage design was discussed as an equivalent of the visual world which was on the first page of the play, and which described the place in a literary way. And the unity of time and place was bounded by entrenched rules from Aristotle’s Poetics. A secondary space located in the rectangular and dark room of the theatre building; the setting served as a representation of the place no matter how realistic it was and was described as an illusion. Whereas the content of the modern art cut its ties with the past by rejecting all traditional codes. As the movements that occurred in modern art and sculpture created manifestos against each other, the history of the emancipation of art was written in a sense. Therefore, instead of the hierarchy of actor and text that is on the first layer between theatre and the audience, an expression of the text in a plastic language was tried. Since a total change could not occur altogether, changes occurred in: at first, the function of theatre buildings (the architectural structure) and thereby the limits of the area of the audience and the play, and then the actor’s subjective relation with their body and language, the questioning of content and form of the text, the use of setting and costume as an independent expression, all these developments occurred with the productions of extraordinary artists of the avant-garde art in the field of stage design. Today, considering the stage designs that were specifically made by many artists that are renowned worldwide in their own field, these are the most exclusive productions of theatre history. The article focus on the first quarter of the 20th century and in line with kind of a stage aestehetic the artist created and also the relationship and the design of abstract place tahat is created on stage, and it will present how this turned into a space research in the history scenography.
Adaskina, N. Sarabianov, D., (1989), Popova, Newyork: Harry N. Abrams Inc Publishers.
Alexandre, A. (1973), The Decorative Art Of Léon Bakst, Newyork: Dover Publication
Buchholz, E.L., Zimmerman B., (2005), Pablo Picasso, Bonn, Könemann.
Elger, D. (1998), Expressionism, Köln: Tachen,
Francia, D. (1983), Fernand Leger, New Haven,Yale Universty Press,
Hobsbawm, E. (2013), Kisa Yirminci Yüzyil Tarihi 1914-1991 Aşiriliklar Çaği, Çev: Yavuz Alogan, İstanbul: Everet Yayinlari
Innes, C. (2004), Avant-Garde Tiyatro 1892-1992, Çev: Aziz Kahraman, Beliz Güçbilmez, İstanbul: Dost Kitabevi
Kamensky, A. (1991), The World Of Art Movementinearly 20th-Century Russia, Leningrad: Aura Art Publishers
Kosinski, D.M., Leger F., (1994), 1911-1924: The Rhythm Of Modern Life, Munich: Prestel
Meyer, F. (1964), Marc Chagall, London: Times And Hudson
Neret, G. (2003), Malevich 1878-1935 Andsuprematism, Köln:Taschen
Simmen, J. Kohlhoff, K. (1999), Popova, Harry N. Newyork:Abrams Inc Publishers
Tsantsanoglou M. (2019), Rus Avangardi: Tanım, Tarihsel Arka Plan, Ortaya Çikiş Koşullari Ve Yeni Estetik, Maria Tsantsanoglou, Nazan Ölçer, Sanat ve Tasarımla Geleceği Düşlemek, 24-36, İstanbul: Mas Matbaacilik.
Hakamata, H. (2019), Pierre Bonnard Et Le Théâtre: Le Style Enfantin Partagé Avec. Ubu Roi d'Alfred Jarry, 15 Eylül 2023.
Kun, K.A. (2021), Performing Agitation. László Moholy-Nagy And The 1924 Special Issue Of MA (Today) On Music And Theater, 10 Eylül 2023.
Lesso, R. (2022), "Which Visual Artists Worked For The Ballets Russes? 15 Eylül 2023. Https://Www.Thecollector.Com/Which-Visual-Artists-Worked-For-The-Ballets-Russes/
Sutton, T. (2014), Matisse Makes Cut - Outsdance, 19 Eylül 2023. Https://Themakingofmarkova.Com/2014/05/02/Matisse-Makes-Cut-Outs-Dance/
Resim 1: Kamensky A.,’’The World Of Art Movement In Early 20th-Century Russia,1991, Aura Art Publishers 283.
Resim 2: Kamensky A.,’’The World Of Art Movement In Early 20th-Century Russia,1991, Aura Art Publishers 282.
Resim 3: Alexandre A., ‘’The Decorative Art Of Léon Bakst, Dover Publication, 1972.
Resim 4: Kamensky A.,’’The World Of Art Movement Nearly 20th-Century Russia,1991, Aura Art Publishers Sayfa 283.
Resim 5: Alexandre A.,‘’The Decorative Art Of Léon Bakst, Dover Publication, 1972.
Resim 6: Kamensky A.,’’The World Of Art Movementı Nearly 20th-Century Russia,1991, Aura Art Publishers Sayfa 280.
Resim 7: https: //www.Museepicassoparis.Fr/En/Les-Ballets-Russes
Resim 8: https: //www.Museepicassoparis.Fr/En/Les-Ballets-Russes
Resim 9: Teshuva J., ‘Marc Chagall 1887-1985’’, Taschen, 1985 Sayfa: 103.
Resim 10: Teshuva J. ‘Marc Chagall 1887-1985’’, Taschen, 1985 Sayfa: 106.
Resim 11: Bozo D., ‘’Marc Chagallœuvres Sur Papier’’, Centre Georges Pompidou,1984, Sayfa 108.
Resim 12: Bozo D., ‘’Marc Chagallœuvres Sur Papier’’, Centre Georges Pompidou,1984, Sayfa 108.
Resim 13: Neret G., ‘’Malevich 1878-1935 Andsuprematism’’, Taschen,2003 Sayfa 38
Resim 14: Neret G., ‘’Malevich 1878-1935 Andsuprematism’’, Taschen,2003 Sayfa 39.
Resim 15: Francia P. D., ‘’Fernand Leger, Yale Universtypress, 1983 Sayfa 179.
Resim 16: Francia P. D., ‘’Fernand Leger, Yale Universtypress, 1983 Sayfa 248.
Resim 17: Adaskina N., Sarabianov D.,’’Popova’’, Harry N. Abrams Inc Publishers, Newyork,1989.
Resim 18: Rudnitskt K., ‘’Russian And Sovyet Theatretraditionandthaavant-Garde’’, Thames And Hudson 1988, Sayfa 122.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Sekizgen Academy
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.